According to the Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association, biodynamic farming’s official concept is “a spiritual-ethical-ecological approach to agriculture, gardens, food production and nutrition.” Biodynamic wine is developed with a collection of agricultural practises that view the vineyard as one solid organism.
With each part of the vineyard leading to the next, the ecosystem works as a whole. The aim is to create a self-sustaining system. The vineyard is maintained by natural resources, soils, and composts.
For the sake of soil fertility, chemical fertilisers and pesticides are avoided. Many animals live on the soil and fertilise it, from ducks to horses to sheep, providing a lush, fertile ecosystem for the vines to grow in. Sustainability is often achieved through biodynamic cultivation or keeping the soil in good or better condition as it has been found for future generations.